Nebulizer (Nebs)

A nebulizer delivery system consists of a nebulizer (small plastic chamber with a screw-top lid) and a source for compressed air. The source of compressed air may be an electric or battery operated machine or a cylinder of compressed oxygen. The air flow to the nebulizer changes the medication solution to a mist. When inhaled correctly, the medication has a better chance to reach the small airways. This increases the medication’s effectiveness.

How to use your nebulizer?

  1. Place the compressor where it can safely reach its power source and where you can reach the ON/OFF switch.
  2. Wash your hands prior to preparing each treatment.
  3. Use a clean and dry nebulizer.
  4. Measure the correct dose of medication prescribed by your physician. Add this to the nebulizer. Usually the volume is 3 to 4 ml. Connect the air tubing from the compressor to the nebulizer inlet.Make sure all connections are snug.
  5. Attach a mouthpiece or a facemask to the nebulizer.
  6. Turn the compressor on and check the nebulizer for misting.
  7. Sit down on a chair or lie down on a bed. Put the mouthpiece in your mouth between your teeth and close your lips around it.
  8. Hold the nebulizer in an upright position. This prevents spilling and promotes nebulization.
  9. Start breathing in and out gently. Occasionally tap the side of the nebulizer to drop large droplets to where it can be misted.
  10. Continue to breathe till the entire drug is finished. As the drug is finishing, you will hear a sputtering sound. It usually takes 5 to 10 minutes for the drug to be inhaled.

Nebulizer Care and Cleaning:

Nebulizer – After each use

  1. Rinse the nebulizer and mouthpiece with warm tap water after each use.
  2. Allow to dry on a clean towel.

Nebulizer – Three Times a Week

  1. In a solution of mild liquid detergent and warm water, soak the nebulizer, mouthpiece, and medication measuring devices.
  2. Rinse thoroughly with clean running water.
  3. Immerse all pieces for 20 minutes in a solution of 1 part vinegar and 8 parts water. The solution should be fresh.
  4. Remove the pieces from the solution and rinse in clean, warm running water.
  5. Shake off excess moisture. Allow the pieces to dry on a clean towel. Be sure they are completely dry before storing. Store in a sealed plastic bag.


  1. Check the manufacturer’s instructions for care and other operations.
  2. Look for references regarding air filter replacement. Air filters are a part of many compressors.

IMPORTANT: Use only the recommended solutions for nebulizations. Drug solutions for injections should not be used. Drugs for nebulization come as special solutions called respiratory solutions. Check the dose and composition with your physician.Click the video below to watch the demo of nebulizer:

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